Myanmar is the second biggest country in South East Asia, bordering five countries and with a population of over 50 million. Although it is rich in resources, over twenty per cent of the population still live below the poverty line.
The country is currently undergoing a major political transition and reform process which is changing the economic and political face of the country. Most people work in agriculture, but industrialisation is rapid and there is a growing manufacturing industry - which both offers opportunities and poses threats.
Despite speedy economic change, Myanmar is still characterised by a high prevalence of natural disasters and many protracted conflicts, including a major refugee crisis which in 2017 saw an outpouring of over 650,000 refugees from Rakhine State over the border into Bangladesh. Within Myanmar, over 240,000 people are displaced in Rakhine, Kachin, Shan and the south-east as a result of humanitarian emergencies, conflict and disasters. There are also 100,000 Myanmar refugees on the Thai-Myanmar border who have fled from conflict in the south-east of the country.
Full details of what Oxfam is doing in Myanmar (PDF, 516KB)